Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
The Monarch butterfly is one of the most popular and heavily-populated butterflies on the planet. They are characterized by the orange, white, and black spotted vein pattern. Adult monarch butterflies survive off of flower nectar, while the larva feeds on milkweeds. The population of monarch butterflies is dropping due to habitat loss. Mature monarch butterflies have an average wingspan of about 11 centimetres wide.